Agbabiaka TB, et al. A literature-based economic evaluation of healthcare preventable adverse events in Europe. Int J Qual Healthcare. 2017;29:9-18.
Busch IM, Moretti F, Purgato M, Barbui C, Wu AW, Rimondini M. Dealing with Adverse Events: A Meta-analysis on Second Victims’ Coping Strategies. J Patient Saf. 2020;16(2):E51–60.
Busch IM, Moretti F, Purgato M, Barbui C, Wu AW, Rimondini M. Psychological and Psychosomatic Symptoms of Second Victims of Adverse Events: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Patient Saf. 2020;16(2):E61–74.
Connors CA, Dukhanin V, Norvell M, Wu AW. RISE: Exploring Volunteer Retention and Sustainability of a Second Victim Support Program. J HealthcManag. 2021;66(1):19-32. doi: 10.1097/JHM-D-19-00264.
de Wit ME, Marks CM, Natterman JP, Wu AW. Supporting second victims of patient safety events: shouldn’t these communications be covered by legal privilege? J Law Med Ethics. 2013;41(4):852-8. doi: 10.1111/jlme.12095.
Edmondson A. Psychological Safety and Learning Behavior in Work Teams. Adm Sci Q. 1999;44:350-83.
Edrees H, Connors C, Paine L, Norvell M, Taylor H, Wu AW. Implementing the RISE second victim support programme at the Johns Hopkins Hospital: a case study. BMJ Open. 2016;6(9):e011708. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011708.
Edrees HH, Paine LA, Feroli ER, Wu AW. Health care workers as second victims of medical errors. Pol Arch Med Wewn. 2011;121(4):101-8.
Ferrah N, et al. Systematic Review of the Prevalence of Medication Errors Resulting in Hospitalization and Death of Nursing Home Residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017;65:433-42.
Grailey KE, et al. The presence and potential impact of psychological safety in the healthcare setting: an evidence synthesis. BMC Health Serv Res. 2021;21:773.
Harrison R, Wu A. Critical incident stress debriefing after adverse patient safety events. Am J Manag Care. 2017;23(5):310-312.
Huang R, Sun H, Chen G, Li Y, Wang J. Second-victim experience and support among nurses in mainland China. J NursManag. 2021 Sep 30. doi: 10.1111/jonm.13490
Kappes M, Romero-García M, Delgado-Hito P. Coping strategies in health care providers as second victims: A systematic review. Int Nurs Rev. 2021;68(4):471-481. doi: 10.1111/inr.12694
Kim NY. Linking individuation and organizational identification: Mediation through psychological safety. J Soc Psychol. 2020;160:16-235
Liukka M, et al. Action after Adverse Events in Healthcare: An Integrative Literature Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17:4717
Mira JJ, et al. Lessons learned for reducing the negative impact of adverse events on patients, health professionals and healthcare organizations. Int J Qual Healthcare. 2017;29:450-60.
Mira JJ, et al. The Aftermath of Adverse Events in Spanish Primary Care and Hospital Health Professionals. BMC Health Serv Res. 2015; 15:151
Moran D, Wu AW, Connors C, Chappidi MR, Sreedhara SK, Selter JH, Padula WV. Cost-Benefit Analysis of a Support Program for Nursing Staff. J Patient Saf. 2020;16(4):e250-e254. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000376
Nydoo P, Pillay BJ, Naicker T, Moodley J. The second victim phenomenon in health care: A literature review. Scand J Public Health. 2020;48(6):629-637. doi: 10.1177/1403494819855506.
O’Donovan R, McAuliffe E. A systematic review exploring the content and outcomes of interventions to improve psychological safety, speaking up and voice behaviour. BMC Health Serv Res [Internet]. 2020 Dec 10;20(1):101.
Ozeke O, Ozeke V, Coskun O, Budakoglu II. Second victims in health care: current perspectives. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2019;10:593–603.
Panagioti M, et al. Prevalence, severity, and nature of preventable patient harm across medical care settings: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. 2019;366:l4185.
Pratt S, Kenney L, Scott SD, Wu AW. How to develop a second victim support program: a toolkit for health care organizations. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2012;38(5):235-40, 193. doi: 10.1016/s1553-7250(12)38030-6.
Richard A, et al. Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Speaking Up About Patient Safety Questionnaire. J Patient Saf. 2017 Aug 28. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000415.
Ryder HF, et al. What Do I Do When Something Goes Wrong? Teaching Medical Students to Identify, Understand, and Engage in Reporting Medical Errors. Acad Med. 2019;94:1910-5.
Schiess C, et al. A Transactional “Second-Victim” Model-Experiences of Affected Healthcare Professionals in Acute-Somatic Inpatient Settings: A Qualitative Metasynthesis. J Patient Saf. 2018. doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000461
Schwappach D, Sendlhofer G. Speaking Up about Patient Safety in Perioperative Care: Differences between Academic and Nonacademic Hospitals in Austria and Switzerland. J Investig Surg. 2020;33(8):730–8. doi: 10.1080/08941939.2018.1554016
Schwappach DLB, Boluarte TA. The emotional impact of medical error involvement on physicians: a call for leadership and organisational accountability. Swiss Med Wkly. 2009;139(1–2):9–15.
Scott SD, Hirschinger LE, Cox KR, McCoig M, Brandt J, Hall LW. The natural history of recovery for the healthcare provider “second victim” after adverse patient events. Qual Saf Heal Care. 2009;18(5):325–30.
Scott SD, Hirschinger LE, Cox KR, McCoig M, Hahn-Cover K, Epperly KM, et al. Caring for our own: Deploying a systemwide second victim rapid response team. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2010;36(5):233–40. doi: 10.1016/S1553-7250(10)36038-7
Seys D, Scott S, Wu A, Van Gerven E, Vleugels A, Euwema M, Panella M, Conway J, Sermeus W, Vanhaecht K. Supporting involved health care professionals (second victims) following an adverse health event: a literature review. Int J Nurs Stud. 2013;50(5):678-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.07.006
Seys D, Wu AW, Van Gerven E, Vleugels A, Euwema M, Panella M, Scott SD, Conway J, Sermeus W, Vanhaecht K. Health care professionals as second victims after adverse events: a systematic review. Eval Health Prof. 2013;36(2):135-62. doi: 10.1177/0163278712458918
Strametz R, et al. Prevalence of second victims, risk factors and support strategies among young German physicians in internal medicine (SeViD-I survey). J Occup Med Toxicol. 2021;16:11
Strametz R., et al. Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess incidence and reactions of second victims in German-speaking countries (SeViD). 2021. DOI:10.21203/rs.2.22033/v1
Tamburri LM. Creating Healthy Work Environments for Second Victims of Adverse Events. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2017 Dec 15;28(4):366–74.
Tella S, et al. Work placements as learning environments for patient safety: Finnish and British preregistration nursing students’ important learning events. J Vocational Education & Training. 2016; 68:51-69.
Van Gerven E, Bruyneel L, Panella M, Euwema M, Sermeus W, Vanhaecht K. Psychological impact and recovery after involvement in a patient safety incident: A repeated measures analysis. BMJ Open. 2016;6(8):e011403.
Van Slambrouck L, Verschueren R, Seys D, Bruyneel L, Panella M, Vanhaecht K. Second victims among baccalaureate nursing students in the aftermath of a patient safety incident: An exploratory cross-sectional study. J Prof Nurs. 2021;37(4):765–70.
Vanhaecht K, Seys D, Russotto S, Strametz R, Mira J, Sigurgeirsdóttir S, Wu AW, Põlluste K, Popovici DG, Sfetcu R, Kurt S, Panella M; European Researchers’ Network Working on Second Victims (ERNST). An Evidence and Consensus-Based Definition of Second Victim: A Strategic Topic in Healthcare Quality, Patient Safety, Person-Centeredness and Human Resource Management. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Dec 15;19(24):16869. doi: 10.3390/ijerph192416869.
Vanhaecht K, et al. COVID-19 is having a destructive impact on health-care workers’ mental well-being. Int J Qual Healthcare. 2021 Feb 20;33(1):mzaa158. doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzaa158
Vanhaecht K, et al. Peer support by interprofessional healthcare providers in aftermath of patient safety incidents: A cross-sectional study. J NursManag. 2021. doi: 10.1111/jonm.13345.
Vanhaecht K, Seys D, Schouten L, Bruyneel L, Coeckelberghs E, Panella M, Zeeman G; Dutch Peer Support Collaborative Research Group. Duration of second victim symptoms in the aftermath of a patient safety incident and association with the level of patient harm: a cross-sectional study in the Netherlands. BMJ Open. 2019;9(7):e029923. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-029923
WHO. Global Patient Safety Action Plan 2021–2030. Towards eliminating avoidable harm in healthcare. August 2021.
Wu AW, Boyle DJ, Wallace G, Mazor KM. Disclosure of adverse events in the United States and Canada: an update, and a proposed framework for improvement. J Public Health Res. 2013;2(3):e32. doi: 10.4081/jphr.2013.e32.