Patient safety incidents can produce harm to the patients which were over the years subject of numerous studies to access the impact of such occurrences to their lives, as well as it’s causes and the economic burden of the problem.
In recent years it started to be recognized that not only the patients and their families suffer with safety-related problems, so we can consider three types of victims:
- First victims – the patients that suffer healthcare-associated harm and their families and friends.
- Second victims – Any health care worker, directly or indirectly involved in an unanticipated adverse patient event, unintentional healthcare error, or patient injury and who becomes victimized in thesense that they are also negatively impacted.1
- Third victims – the healthcare organisations who could suffer loss of reputation, depending on how the situation is handled by the institutional leaders.2 This issue has been briefly explored so far, so it is a new field for research.
- Vanhaecht, K., Seys, D., Russotto, S., Strametz, R., Mira, J., Sigurgeirsdóttir, S., Wu, A. W., Põlluste, K., Popovici, D. G., Sfetcu, R., Kurt, S., & Panella, M. (2022). An Evidence and Consensus-Based Definition of Second Victim: A Strategic Topic in Healthcare Quality, Patient Safety, Person-Centeredness and Human Resource Management. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(24), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192416869
- Denham CR. TRUST: The 5 rights of the second victim. J Patient Saf. 2007;3(2):107–19.